Penetration tests have developed over time into a series of specialised tests used to assess how sensitive some devices or properties are to malicious attacks. External Penetration Tests: These are conducted outside of the network perimeter and are used to look for vulnerabilities in external IT systems and properties. The test is a step-by-step procedure that simulates a real attacker exploiting a minor flaw to obtain greater access to the device. To learn more about this check it out
Testers are provided only the most basic details about the targeted device in order to simulate an actual external attack. They are free to scour any publicly accessible source – such as web pages or social media platforms – for useful information that will aid in the hack. The testers are then free to use popular hacking techniques to exploit any known flaw. The findings allow the company to prioritise a strategy and solve each flaw separately.Internal Penetration Checks: These tests look for flaws in systems and properties “behind the firewall” that an intruder might exploit. The test normally imitates an intrusion from inside the organisation, such as from a disgruntled employee, an unwanted intruder, or an external hacker who has gained access to the internal network. Testers are usually granted limited network access and given only the minimal details that anyone with the rights provided would normally have. The tester then attempts to increase their level of access through privilege escalation, eventually gaining access to unauthorised data.
Web Application Testing: Since firewalls and intrusion detection systems struggle to protect against web application attacks, they are a popular entry point for hackers. Worse, a relatively simple programme vulnerability may frequently be abused to gain access to sensitive information. While testing a web application while it is still in progress is the best practise, this is not always possible for organisations that incorporate third-party applications into their electronic infrastructure. As a result, it’s important to devote extra attention to regularly checking these web-based applications.